Archiwa tagu: office health

Why my legs hurt?

Why my legs hurt?

Your legs are an amazing collection of bones and muscles. But if something goes a bit wrong, they can hurt and make it hard to move around. Learn about the diseases and conditions that may cause pain in the leg

By Joel

Not always the cause of leg pain is a long hike or uncomfortable shoes. Sometimes it is associated with diseases of the blood vessels, spine or metabolic disorders, i.e. diseases that need to be treated.

Leg pain has various faces and causes. Sometimes it is sudden, strong, sometimes it is gradually growing, mourning. It is usually caused by tiredness in the legs. But its source is also injuries, such as rupture of tendons, ligaments or foot defects and deformities (eg flat feet, halluxes). It is also a consequence of rheumatic diseases, diabetes, alcoholism.

There are so many reasons for leg pain that I only mention some of them.

„In the fight against night footaches, it is necessary to change your lifestyle. You should stop smoking, avoid drinking alcohol and large amounts of coffee (especially in the evening). Daily physical activity of moderate intensity is important. For people whose work requires a long hours of sitting, a few-minute walk is recommended.”

Deep vein thrombosis

The development of this disease is favored by damage to vein walls, cardiovascular diseases (eg varicose veins, myocardial infarction), pregnancy, puerperium, long-term immobilization (eg after surgery), oral contraception, as well as congenital or acquired blood coagulation disorders (eg thrombophilia, or hypercoagulability). The essence of the disease is the formation of clots that slow the flow of blood in the veins or completely block it. When they detach themselves from the walls of these vessels, they can create a life threatening condition, causing a pulmonary embolism.

Deep vein thrombosis may be asymptomatic. It is not often that all symptoms characteristic of her occur: swelling and pain in the leg, intensifying when standing and walking, redness and warming of the skin, cyanosis of the feet. In deep vein thrombosis, anticoagulants, rarely thrombolytic agents, are used to dissolve the clot in the vein. Tools with anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties are used in a supportive way.

Degeneration of the spine

Spine degeneration occurs as a result of aging of the body, injuries, sometimes also injuries of the intervertebral disc. Degenerative changes can cause local inflammation with pressure on nerve structures. They often affect the lumbar spine, causing chronic back pain radiating to the legs. The symptoms appear mainly at night, during rest. Relief is brought by rehabilitation and some forms of physical activity, such as swimming, as well as periodically used analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs in the form of tablets, ointments, gels.

Gout

Gout is also called arthritis or gout. It is a chronic disease associated with metabolic disorders. Their consequence is the deposition of uric acid crystals in the joints, called urate. They are very sharp, they hurt tissues and this causes inflammation. The disease does not show any symptoms for many years. The first symptom is usually severe, sudden joint pain, swelling, sensitivity to touch, redness and tension of the skin above it. The disease can affect the joints of the hands, shoulder, knee, but usually the pain is located in the toe. So our foot hurts. Treatment consists of taking preparations that reduce the concentration of uric acid, diuretics and the use of a diet recommended by a doctor.

Atherosclerotic lesions

Their consequence is chronic leg ischemia. Atherosclerotic plaques narrow the lumen of the arteries. The first symptom of the disease is paleness and cooling of the feet. Over time, intermittent claudication occurs, i.e. leg pain while walking, giving way after rest. As the blood supply deteriorates, there may also be resting pains, initially located only in the fingers, and then covering the whole foot, and even the lower leg, and non-healing ulcers and necrotic lesions on the foot. In the treatment of chronic ischaemia of the legs, the drugs used in atherosclerosis are primarily used. Important elements of the treatment are daily physical activity (walking, cycling), avoiding cuts and abrasions.

Chronic venous insufficiency

The removal of blood from the legs facilitates, among others valves in the veins and working calf muscles that „push” it up. If the valves are damaged and we lead a sedentary lifestyle, there is blood stagnation and development of chronic venous insufficiency. Its signal is the feeling of tired, heavy legs, swelling, formation of varicose veins. The disease is usually treated conservatively. It is recommended to take medicines that improve venous circulation and strengthening veins, wearing stockings or compression tights and physical activity. If the formation of varicose veins occurred, they are removed surgically, because their complications may be caused by superficial or deep vein inflammations.

Water and electrolyte disturbances

They sometimes cause painful cramps in the calves that may occur as a result of taking dehydrating, laxative and slimming diets. They are often caused by dehydration or a shortage of minerals: magnesium, potassium, calcium. The cramps most often annoy at night, waking from sleep. To relieve the pain, we can come out for a moment or straighten the leg in the knee, lift it and bend it hard in the hock, pulling the foot towards you. If we are prone to this condition, take a hot bath before bedtime, or massage in the calf with warming ointment. Remember to drink 1.5-2 l of liquid daily and enrich the diet with products rich in magnesium, potassium and calcium.

Bottom line:

In the fight against footaches, it is necessary to change your lifestyle. You should stop smoking, avoid drinking alcohol and large amounts of coffee (especially in the evening). Daily physical activity of moderate intensity is important. For people whose work requires a long hours of sitting, a few-minute walk is recommended.

Supplementation of iron, magnesium and B vitamins is helpful.

When resting, your legs should be above the level of the heart. An effective method of therapy is compression therapy using special bands, stockings or compression knee socks. In the treatment of neurological disorders, a well-adjusted physiotherapy can provide relief.

 

The consequences of office work – 20 occupational diseases you can contract.

The consequences of office work - 20 occupational diseases you can contract.

When we talk about most risky professions, which endanger people’s lives and health, we often think of professions like roofers or soldiers. Nevertheless, full-time office work could be also very risky for your health, if you don’t follow some rules of proper posture or taking breaks. Work can be painful.

By Joel

Office work is not associated with dangerous occupations, but on the contrary, employment in the office is sometimes referred to as a „warm job.” And yet – many hours of sitting in front of a computer screen also has its health consequences.
Many times on our blog we have discussed the subject of ergonomics and proper matching of office furniture to employees. We hope that this text will help us understand why proper office equipment is so important.

Spine and skeletal system – the most exposed in office work.


Inadequate desk, too low office chair, many hours without moving in a sitting position – all this leads to back pain and, consequently, to degenerative diseases. An equally common complaint is the carpal tunnel syndrome, which appears in people who write a lot on a computer. Office workers also complain about aching calves, leg muscle cramps, swollen feet – all this is the result of prolonged sitting. As many as 92% of employees experienced chronic neck pain. To prevent these ailments, you should regularly get up from the desk and drag yourself. It is also very important that the workplace meets the basic criteria of ergonomics.

„The health of workers is an essential prerequisite for household income, productivity and economic development. Therefore, restoring and maintaining working capacity is an important function of the health services.”

Eyes hurt from looking at the monitor.

Another ailments that can be obtained in office work is deterioration of vision, dry eye syndrome or so-called computer vision syndrome (visual fatigue, decreased focus, dry eye and headache, neck and back pain). Some of these ailments can even lead to a complete loss of vision. Chronic pain, congestion or eye fatigue should be consulted with an ophthalmologist. Sometimes well-chosen glasses are enough to fix the problem. Do not forget to check if your workplace is properly lit, if the monitor is at the right angle, etc,

Other ailments that can occur in the office.

Problems with the spine and eyes are most frequently reported by employees of ailments. However, you can find a lot more disease entities on the list:

  • obesity or overweight – resulting from a sedentary work,
  • nervous diseases, depression – expectation of results, excess of duties also harm our psyche, office workers are much more exposed to depression and neurosis than manual workers,
  • sick building syndrome – in many offices there is an unfavorable microclimate, and the air conditioning has not been cleaned for years, as will add to the eternally working office equipment, emitting radiation and printers it’s no wonder that quite a large percentage of employees suffer from various types of allergies, asthma, headaches, impaired concentration, so-called air-conditioning fever, lung diseases etc.
  • diseases of the circulatory system – stress and lack of exercise may lead to arterial embolism or deep leg vein thrombosis.

Of course, all these diseases can be counteracted. How? Here are a few ways:

  • take care of the right office furniture: a comfortable desk, an adjustable armchair,
  • familiarize yourself with the principles of ergonomics and use them in everyday work,
  • trying to maintain the optimal position of the body, properly positioning the monitor, etc.
  • every hour take a short break, stop a moment, drag yourself, make a slope, go to the office, and if you can – treat yourself to a simple gymnastics,
  • do not snack during work – use meals for meals, do not eat at the computer,
  • clean your work place once a week, wipe the desk, monitor, keyboard – germs also multiply on them,
    lead a hygienic lifestyle,
  • also after work – do sports at least three times a week, do not spend all your free time in front of the TV or computer,
  • take care of the muscles and rest for the eyes.

Bottom line:

Please remember that proper sitting with maintaining proper body posture will ensure longer work without pain.

Breathe Can Impact Your Whole Body

Breathe Can Impact Your Whole Body

Posture and breathing go hand-in-hand. As we slump with poor posture we compress our ability to breathe deeply. Shallow breathing affects health and energy.

By Joel

The way you breathe can impact your whole body, helping to regulate important functions such as heart rate and blood pressure. It can also reinforce proper body mechanics that put less stress on your body as you move.

Breathing – everybody does it approximately 20,000 times a day. But are we doing it properly? Are we giving it the same attention as we do with our skin?

While most of us don’t really give breathing much thought, the way you inhale and exhale have a huge impact on your physical and mental well-being.

One of the most important elements that our body cannot live without is oxygen. A regular person can only endure 3-4 minutes without oxygen (or known medically as anoxia) before he/she will be considered brain-dead. If it exceeds to 5- 6 minutes, this person dies.

Posture is among the aspects that you should look into to optimize your breathing. Why? The way you assume any position can either compress or facilitate expansion of your chest. It is important that you maintain a correct posture to promote a continuous and adequate supply of oxygen to your body. A properly oxygenated body is one happy body.

While these benefits are widely known, the busy pace of life plus a sedentary work environment have conditioned many of us to take only quick, shallow breaths. Over time, this weakens the strength of our respiratory muscles. It also creates tension in the upper body that can alter our posture and undermine our health.

So, if you are starting to feel a little tired, here are 3 postures that promote breathing to give your cells an oxygen and energy boost.

„While most of us don’t really give breathing much thought, the way you inhale and exhale have a huge impact on your physical and mental well-being..”

15-minute Standing

Sounds easy, right? However, for any regular guy who has been used to the torpid daily living, standing straight equally on both legs even for 5 minutes is quite taxing already.

To prove this, try this position for the whole 15 minutes and notice your breathing. Now, shift your weight to one leg – you’ll notice your breathing has become less than when you’re standing straight. Why? Because you whole body is relaxed on the former, and your muscles don’t have to exert much effort.

The amount of oxygen in you body is relative to the number of your respirations. If you breathe less, your body’s taking in lesser oxygen too.

Sit Up Straight

Whether you’re using a comfortable office chair or a chair for back pain, if you still slouch when you sit then you’re still compromising not only the integrity of your spine but also your breathing.

When you straighten your back, you’re using more chest muscles to hold this upright position. Since this requires exertion, your brain will signal you to breathe for more oxygen. With enough room to expand, your lungs can properly do its function, allowing ample oxygen to revitalize your system.

The opposite happens when you slouch. Aside from using less muscles, your chest is compressed that limits lung expansion. With deficient oxygen in your body, you are more prone to fatigability and other mental changes such as headache or mood swings.

Sleep in Semi-Fowler’s Position

In medicine, the fowler’s position is the standard resting and sleeping position for patients. The head part of the bed is elevated than the rest of the body. This is an intervention used to promote oxygenation especially for patients experiencing respiratory distress.

If your bed, however, doesn’t have the same mechanics as that of a hospital bed, you can support your head with one or two regular pillows, and another one on your back. This will give you a semi inclined head support. You can also put another pillow under your knees to prevent you from sliding down.

Regulating your breathing helps in boosting your performance in any task.So, if you think you have to buy an office chair or other posture support equipment to maintain a position that promote ideal respiration, then do so. Remember, your body is designed to function at its best- you only have to preserve its natural integrity for you to lead a healthier lifestyle and well-being.

Bottom line:

There are many benefits to deep breathing. It helps to foster a sense of calm, reduce stress and anxiety levels, and lower blood pressure. In fact, deep breathing is the basis for all meditative and mindfulness practices.

Practicing healthy breathing patterns also allows you to build your endurance for strenuous exercise.

Food For Healthy Eyes

Food For Healthy Eyes

Good nutrition is important to keep your eyes healthy and functioning their best throughout your lifetime.

By Joel

If you are looking to prevent eye conditions like cataracts macular degeneration, a good way to start is to consume the right food. You need specific nutrients for healthy eyes, but specially I speak about lutein and zeaxanthin. What are they and how do they keep your eyes healthy?

Lutein and zaexanthin are carotenoids, pigments that give plants red, orange, and yellow colors. Among their functions is protecting plants from high-energy light rays called blue light. These substances are also highly concentrated in the macula of the eye, giving it a yellowish color. In fact, the macula contains a third form of carotenoid, as stated in recent research. This pigment, called meso-zeaxanthin, is produced in the retina using ingested lutein and isn’t found in any food source.

„Lutein and zeaxanthin appear to have important antioxidant functions in the body. Along with other natural antioxidants, including vitamin C, beta-carotene and vitamin E, these important pigments guard the body from damaging effects of free radicals, which are unstable molecules that can destroy cells and play a role in many diseases.”

The Benefits Of Lutein And Zeaxanthin

The primary benefit of lutein, zeaxanthin, and meso-zeaxanthin has to do with how they protect the eyes from blue light. They block blue light from reaching the retina which prevents light-induced oxidation that leads to macular degeneration (AMD). They also work with other antioxidants like vitamins C and E and beta-carotene to protect the body from free radicals that damage the cells and cause many diseases.

The benefits of these 3 carotenoids are well-documented in a number of studies published in reputable journals. The American Journal of Epidemiology, Ophthalmology and Archives of Ophthalmology released research associating high levels of lutein and zeaxanthin with low incidences of macular degeneration. Two studies in Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science found roughly similar results in that increased levels of macular pigments meant lower risks of developing AMD.

Furthermore, the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS and AREDS2) formulated a daily antioxidant containing vitamins C and E, zinc, and copper, as well as lutein and zeaxanthin. It was found that this combination reduced the risk of AMD progression by 10 to 25 percent. The said research didn’t clarify if lutein and zeaxanthin also reduced the risk of cataracts.

Foods Containing Lutein And Zeaxanthin

These two nutrients are abundant in green and yellow vegetables, especially leafy ones. Cooked spinach and cooked kale are considered top sources. They are also found in non-vegetarian sources, particularly egg yolks. However, it would be best to stick to vegetarian items if you have high cholesterol levels.

Bottom line:

Just like the rest of the body, the eyes need proper nutrition to stay healthy and free from diseases. Consuming food items rich in lutein and zeaxanthin is a good way to maintain excellent vision.

Never Ignore The Signs And Symptoms Of Arthritis

Today, joint inflammation has turned into a typical issue among individuals; it isn't simply torment in joints, it is more than that. It upsets the ordinary working of life, as well as gives horrifying agony. As per a therapeutic report, in excess of 20 percent of individuals experience the ill effects of joint inflammation, which demonstrates that the issue in itself is immense and should be tended to before it begins upsetting lives. Actually, another medicinal report demonstrates that sufferers are frequently not mindful that they have joint inflammation. They take typical prescriptions to stifle torment, which exacerbates the condition extra minutes. 

It is imperative to pick preparatory examinations 

Truth be told, the vast majority tend to take wrong prescriptions, which is very risky and may influence their general wellbeing. That is the reason, it is more than essential to pick preparatory examinations to distinguish the signs and manifestations of joint pain. Certainly, specialists can without much of a stretch recognize the manifestations and begin an administration keeping in mind the end goal to diminish joint inflammation agony and cure its indications 

Specialists recommend an extensive variety of medicines 

Specialists recommend an extensive variety of joint pain treatment and alternatives. They likewise help to change general eating routine, exercise, way of life and increasingly that can calm agony. They likewise ensure that it won't harms the present conditions and give help on the grounds that there are numerous medications that have symptoms. Notwithstanding, on the off chance that you have endless torment, you should converse with your specialist to kick begin the treatment to get relief from discomfort. 

Specialists comprehend the restorative history 

Specialists comprehend the restorative history of patients, evaluate the danger of inability, particular and non-particular manifestations and decide the hidden causes to begin the treatment as quickly as time permits. In any case, each case is extraordinary; a few people have sore ligaments while other feel torment in their musculoskeletal framework. Be that as it may, if the condition is anything but difficult to deal with, specialists make a well ordered program comprising of appropriate eating regimen, expelling certain nourishments, and presenting low effect high-impact works out, and so forth. 

A few specialists diminish the complexities 

A few specialists diminish the complexities by center around decreasing the general weight of patients and urge them to practice routinely to consume additional fats and get fit as a fiddle. They propose certain kinds of movement, utilization of biomechanics and additionally ergonomics with a specific end goal to lessen the worry from the territories. A few patients require uplifting feedback and also inspiration. Obviously, it isn't a standout amongst the most lethal conditions, yet individuals confront issues and even economies get irritated. 

More or less 

never-ignore-arthritis-keepwellintheoffice

Obviously, it isn't a standout amongst the most lethal conditions, yet at the same time individuals confront issues and even economies get exasperates. As indicated by a few insights, individuals who face such issues don't deliver the coveted outcomes and neglect to accomplish their objectives. Subsequently, it is fitting to converse with a gifted doctor who can comprehend the condition and gives best joint pain treatment.